Social Organization

There are two types of societies, a stratified society and an egalitarian society. Many cultures strive to live in an egalitarian society because the concept behind it sounds more appealing, but its’ almost impossible to truly achieve. In an egalitarian society, everyone has equal rank, access to and power over the basic resources that support survival, influence and prestige. There is no class ranking like in a stratified society. This is such a society where people are hierarchally divided and ranked into social strata or layers and do not share equally in the basic resources that support survival, influence and prestige (Haviland, Prins, Mcbride, and Walrath pg. 159-184).
According to Louis Bergeron, in the early stages of human civilization, stratified societies began to spread because it proved to be more stable in areas where resource availability fluctuated. They were able to survive temporary shortages of resources because the majority of those who suffered from shortages were the lower class which left the overall ruling class stable. On the other hand, egalitarians tended to thrive in areas where resources were constantly scarce because everyone shared equally. This meant everyone either suffered together or thrived together equally. Stratified societies did not do well in consistent conditions of scarcity because of unequal sharing which ultimately lead them to migrate and continue the spread of stratified values (Burgeron).
With this considered, planet Middleearth will be set in an egalitarian society. Egalitarian society suites our life style needs and instills or shared value of equality. We are a hunting and gathering society, everyone plays a role. One gender will hunt and share meat equally while the other gender will stay at home and look after the children while gathering plants for resources. Fossil findings in western areas have shown that in true egalitarian societies, when hunters kill their pray they split their earnings equally on site (White and Brown 81). Our core value in planet Middle Earth is equality and the importance of acculturating children into our society so they will be able to be a productive part of our culture. As author Dale M. Brown describes in the book, The First Men, in hunter-gatherer societies children were highly dependent on their mothers to teach them social constructs and rules while the men were in charge of feeding the family (White and Brown 130). This reflects our two gender identities of the genders who work at home– the more affectionate gender–and the genders who work outside the home. In egalitarian societies the mother figures are the ones who raise the children with great amounts of affection while taking their job as a mother very seriously (Prideaux 150). We live in the trees and are connected by bridges but we are also connected personally because we live in a very peaceful culture where family and connection is valued. We live off mostly natural resources and are not exposed to industrialized resources, therefore greed is not a common emotion in our society. It is known that egalitarian societies live off of as little possessions as possible with only man made spears to hunt with. Because of the limited possessions, greed is relatively an unknown emotion and therefore restricts violence in the community (White and Brown 136). Planet Middle Earth is a peaceful, non-violent society that lives of the natural resources found on the land around them. It is a true Egalitarian society that hunts and gathers their food and shares their finding equally among the people. Our culture’s ideology is reflective of our view of family ties and state that everyone plays an essential role in the society.

References
Bergeron, Louis. “Stanford University New.” Stanford University New. (23 Spet., 2001): n. page. Print. .

Haviland, , Prins, Mcbride, and Walrath. Cultural Anthropology The Human Challenge. Thirteenth. Belmont, WA: Wadsworth, Cenage learning center, 2011. pg. 159-184. Print.

White, Edmund, and Dale M. Brown. The Emergence of Men The First Man. Canada: Time Inc., 1973. 81, 130, 136. Print.

Prideaux, Tom. The Emergance of man Cro-Magnon Man. Canada: Time Inc., 1973. 150. Print.

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